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Andy Lee. Primo Levi. Mitch Albom. James Acaster. Rosemary Smith. Sarah Krasnostein. Marjane Satrapi. Elizabeth Gilbert. Pamela Druckerman. Dusan Kecmanovic. Hussein Abdilahi Bulhan. In , Wundt developed experimental psychology and many topics based on this new psychology. He also opened the first experimental psychology laboratory in Leipzig. Wundt recognised experimental psychology as a science. His two goals for experimental psychology were; to explore how the law joined complex mental experiences with mental elements and to explore the various aspects of thought cited in: Hergenhahn, Some experiments were based on; attention, reaction times, feelings, sensations and perceptions Freedheim, Wundt used introspection as a technique for gathering data.
However, he did not use this technique in the same way as others such as; Descartes He adopted an experimental introspection that enabled him to gather more accurate data for internal perception. Though, he did believe that introspection could only be used for the fundamental processes of mind and not the complex mental processes Hergenhahn, Wundt split consciousness into feelings and sensations.vantamuscza.tk
From using his own internal perception by using a metronome a time keeper for music , he proposed the tri-dimensional theory of feeling. The three dimensions were; pleasantness-unpleasantness, excitement-calm and strain-relaxation Sharma and Sharma, Wundt described attention as the sensory impression apperception. He believed apperception was directed by the individual, whereas perception was involuntary. He suggested that an individual could control their attention, he called this voluntarism.
He proposed that an individual could reorganize and organize these aspects of attention using their control; he named this creative synthesis Hergenhahn, He found that people that suffer from schizophrenia struggled with the basic control process and have severe attention focusing Henley and Thorne, Wundt altered the Helmholtz and Donders method of mental chronometry, this in turn created reaction time studies.
Reaction time studies allowed him to identify the time it took to respond to sensory stimulus Bechtel and Graham, Wundt used the subtraction method when carrying out his reaction time studies; this method was based on Donders experiment. Cattell carried out an experiment based on letters and words that required the participants to name the words vocally. The findings suggested that the participants took roughly the same time to name both stimulus the words and letters.
He believed that people generally recognised words as a whole rather than letters separately Henley and Thorne, He believed that experimental techniques were good at investigating basic processes such as; perception and sensation. However, the technique was not as useful for high mental processes such as; problem-solving. He also recognized psychology as a science.
He also proposed many theories that set the foundations for many others to build on, such as; Cattell, Scripture and Titchener Henley and Thorne, Although Wundt proposed some great contributions to experimental psychology, he was criticised for some of them. Wundt, Vygotsky and Bandura: A cultural-historical science of consciousness in three acts. David K. Anton Yasnitsky. Article information.
Article Information Volume: 23 issue: 3, page s : Article first published online: July 26, ; Issue published: July 1, Abstract Abstract. Keywords consciousness , culture , history , human development , personal identity. Sign Out. Email required Password required Remember me Forgotten your password? Need to activate? Institutional Access does not have access to this content.
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